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How many hostages remain in Gaza since Hamas attack on Israel? The latest.

The Israeli government estimates that 253 hostages were taken in the cross-border Oct. 7 Hamas attack that killed 1,200 people in Israel, though numbers have shifted over the course of the war. According to the latest figures, 97 hostages are believed to still be alive and in captivity in the Gaza Strip, but the country has not given the full basis for its estimates.

Since the attack, 112 hostages held in the Gaza Strip have been freed. A deal between Israel and Hamas, mediated by Qatar, paused the fighting on Nov. 24 and allowed for the release of women and children in exchange for Palestinian women and teens in Israeli prisons. However, fighting restarted Dec. 1, with Israeli warplanes resuming strikes in Gaza.

During the pause, 81 Israeli citizens — including those who also hold citizenship from other countries — were released. Under the deal’s framework, every Israeli hostage freed would initiate the release of three Palestinian prisoners. Outside the framework of the exchange deal, 24 foreign nationals — who do not hold Israeli citizenship — were freed. Some hostages — including two Americans — were also released or rescued outside of the deal.

The number of hostages who have died in captivity and the ages, genders and nationalities of those remaining in Gaza are unclear. Israel has estimated that the majority of those remaining have Israeli citizenship and are male. It’s unclear how many are members of the Israeli military. Two Americans — Abigail Edan, 4, and Liat Beinin Atzili, 49 — were released under the exchange deal. Fewer than 10 U.S. citizens are now held hostage, according to the White House.

While Hamas is thought to hold most of the hostages, some are believed to be held by other militant groups, including Palestinian Islamic Jihad, whose fighters also took part in the Oct. 7 attack. Israel blames Hamas for the deaths of some hostages, and it said at least three were killed in its own operations; Hamas says Israeli strikes have killed some hostages. The Washington Post could not independently verify either side’s claims.

Here is a list of the hostages released and what is known about those who remain.

Inside the hard, circuitous route to a hostage release deal

Number of hostages remaining in Gaza: An estimated 97

According to the Israeli government, 253 people were thought to have been abducted on Oct. 7. The latest figures from the Israeli Prime Minister’s office says that of the 130 hostages taken on Oct. 7 who are still held in Gaza, 33 are now confirmed dead, bringing the estimated number of living hostages to 97. Israel includes hostages who were killed, with their bodies still held by Hamas, in its count.

The majority of the remaining hostages are Israelis or dual nationals, and male. Some Americans are believed to remain in captivity in Gaza. The only children on Israel’s list of remaining hostages are Kfir Bibas, who was 9 months old when he was abducted, and his 4-year-old brother, Ariel. Israel has said it is assessing Hamas’s claims that the Bibas children and their mother, Shiri, were killed.

Ten of the remaining hostages are foreign nationals, according to Israel. Israel previously described the breakdown as eight Thai citizens, one Nepali citizen and one French-Mexican citizen.

Names of hostages released or freed outside of the deal

Before the pause in fighting, Hamas released four hostages in two batches in October. Americans Judith Raanan, 59, and her daughter Natalie, 17, were released Oct. 20. Hamas said this was for “humanitarian reasons,” without elaborating.

Yocheved Lifshitz and Nurit Cooper, Israeli women in their 70s and 80s, were released Oct. 23, for what Hamas called “crushing humanitarian reasons.” Their husbands remain in captivity.

Israel said one of its soldiers who was taken in the Hamas incursion was released after a rescue operation in late October. The soldier was identified as Pvt. Ori Megidish.

In mid-February, Israel’s military said it rescued two Israeli Argentine dual nationals, Fernando Simon Marman and Luis Har, amid deadly airstrikes on Rafah.

Hostages reported dead: At least 44

It is unclear how many of the remaining hostages are still alive.

Israel said it has recovered 11 bodies of hostages from Gaza, including several whose deaths it blames on Hamas and some who have been killed in its own operations.

  • Nineteen-year-old Cpl. Noa Marciano and Yehudit Weiss, a 65-year-old who was taken from Kibbutz Beeri, were “murdered in captivity,” Israel has said. After Hamas said Marciano was killed by an Israeli strike, the Israel Defense Forces said intelligence and a “preliminary pathological report” indicated that Hamas killed Marciano after an Israeli strike wounded her. The Post could not independently verify the claim, and Israel did not provide the evidence on which it based its assessment. Hamas militants have said some hostages were killed in Israeli airstrikes, but they have not produced evidence that corroborates their claims.
  • In December, the IDF said it recovered the bodies of six hostages and returned them to Israel: Ofir Tzarfati, Eden Zakaria, Ziv Dado, Ron Sherman, Nik Beizer and Elia Toledano. Zakaria, 27, was taken hostage during the Hamas music festival attack; Dado, 36, was a logistics supervisor in the IDF’s Golani Brigade; while Beizer was a driver and Sherman a noncommissioned officer, both with Israel’s Coordination and Liaison Administration for Gaza, according to the IDF.
  • Israel has also said that its soldiers mistakenly shot dead three hostages — Yotam Haim and Alon Shamriz of Kibbutz Kfar Aza and Samer Al-Talalka of Kibbutz Nir Am — during fighting in Gaza.

Israel said there are 33 additional hostages it believes were killed whose bodies have not been recovered, including one who was killed in a rescue attempt. That number includes one Tanzanian worker. It said it has been updating its list of hostages killed based on confirmation from “intelligence and other measures.” Its list appeared also to include some whose bodies were taken into Gaza after they were killed in the Oct. 7 attack.

Names of Israeli and dual-national hostages released during the deal

Nov. 24: The day the pause began, Israel’s Foreign Ministry confirmed that 13 Israelis were released.

  • Doron Katz Asher, 34, German citizen
  • Raz Asher, 4, German citizen
  • Aviv Asher, 2, German citizen
  • Daniel Aloni, 44
  • Emilia Aloni, 5
  • Ruth Munder, 78
  • Keren Munder, 54
  • Ohad Munder, 9
  • Adina Moshe, 72
  • Hanna Katzir, 77
  • Margalit Mozes, 78, German citizen
  • Channa Peri, 79
  • Yaffa Adar, 85

What they missed: Freed Israeli hostages return to tragedy and joys

Nov. 25: Israel’s Foreign Ministry confirmed that 13 Israelis were released.

  • Noam Or, 17
  • Alma Or, 13
  • Shiri Weiss, 53
  • Noga Weiss, 18
  • Sharon Hertzman Avigdori, 52
  • Noam Avigdori, 12
  • Shoshan Haran, 67
  • Adi Shoham, 38
  • Naveh Shoham, 8
  • Yahel Shoham, 3
  • Hila Rotem Shoshani, 12
  • Emily Toni Kornberg Hand, 8
  • Maya Regev Jirbi, 21

Nov. 26: The Israeli Foreign Ministry listed 14 Israelis who were released.

  • Abigail Edan, 4, American citizen
  • Alma Avraham, 84
  • Aviva Adrienne Siegel, 62
  • Hagar Brodetz, 40
  • Ofri Brodetz, 10
  • Yuval Brodetz, 8
  • Oriya Brodetz, 4
  • Chen Goldstein-Almog, 48
  • Agam Goldstein-Almog, 17
  • Gal Goldstein-Almog, 11
  • Tal Goldstein-Almog, 8
  • Dafna Elyakim, 15
  • Ela Elyakim, 8
  • Ron Krivoi, 25, an Israeli-Russian citizen, was included on the list, although he was released separately from the exchange deal.

Nov. 27: Israel’s Foreign Ministry listed 11 Israeli hostages as being released.

All those released on Nov. 27 have dual citizenship — French, Argentine and German, said Qatar’s foreign minister, Al Ansari.

  • Eitan Yahalomi, 12, French citizen
  • Karina Engel-Bart, 51, Argentine citizen
  • Mika Engel, 18, Argentine citizen
  • Yuval Engel, 12, Argentine citizen
  • Sharon Aloni-Cunio, 34, Argentine citizen
  • Yuli Cunio, 3, Argentine citizen
  • Emma Cunio, 3, Argentine citizen
  • Sahar Calderon, 16, French citizen
  • Erez Calderon, 12, French citizen
  • Or Yaakov, 16, German citizen
  • Yagil Yaakov, 12, German citizen

Nov. 28: Israel’s Foreign Ministry said 10 Israeli hostages were released. One of the hostages was born in the Philippines, and some also hold Argentine citizenship, according to local media reports.

  • Tamar Metzger, 78
  • Ditza Heiman, 84
  • Noralin Babadilla, 60, born in the Philippines
  • Ada Sagi, 75
  • Ofelia Adit Roitman, 77, born in Argentina
  • Rimon Kirsht Buchshtav, 36
  • Meirav Tal, 53
  • Gabriela Leimberg, 59, Argentine citizen
  • Mia Leimberg, 17, Argentine citizen
  • Clara Marman, 63, Argentine citizen

Nov. 29: The Israeli prime minister’s office said 10 Israeli hostages were released. Two others with Russian citizenship were also released. Qatar’s and Germany’s foreign ministries said there were three German citizens released, but The Post could not confirm the name of one.

  • Gal Tarshansky, 13
  • Amit Shani, 15
  • Liam Or, 18
  • Itay Regev Jerbi, 18
  • Ofir Engel, 17, Dutch citizen
  • Yarden Roman-Gat, 35, German citizen
  • Moran Stela Yanai, 40
  • Liat Beinin Atzili, 49, American citizen
  • Ra’aya Rotem, 54
  • Raz Ben-Ami, 56, German citizen
  • Yelena Trupanov, 50, a Russian citizen, was included on the list but released separately from the exchange deal.
  • Irena Tati, 73, a Russian citizen, was included on the list but released separately from the exchange deal.

Nov. 30: Hamas released eight Israeli hostages, Israel’s military said.

  • Amit Soussana, 40
  • Mia Shem, 21, French citizen
  • Aisha Ziyadne, 17
  • Bilal Ziyadne, 18
  • Ilana Gritzewsky Kimchi, 30
  • Nili Margalit, 41
  • Shani Goren, 29
  • Sapir Cohen, 29

Names of foreign-national hostages released during the deal

Some other foreign nationals — mostly Thai — were also released during the pause in fighting.

Nov. 24: 10 Thai nationals and one Filipino national were released, the Thai and Philippine foreign ministries confirmed. Israel’s Foreign Ministry also listed the names of those freed.

  • Uthai Sangnuan, Thai national
  • Uthai Thunsri, Thai national
  • Buddee Saengboon, Thai national
  • Bancha Kongmanee, Thai national
  • Wichai Kalapat, 28, Thai national
  • Withoon Phumee, 33, Thai national
  • Mongkhol Phajuabboon, Thai national
  • Boonthom Phankhong, Thai national
  • Santi Boonphrom, Thai national
  • Natthawaree Moonkan, Thai national
  • Gelienor (Jimmy) Pacheco, 37, Filipino national

Nov. 25: The Thai Foreign Ministry said four Thai nationals were released, and they were named by a Thai public broadcaster.

Nov. 26: The Thai Foreign Ministry said three Thai nationals had been released. Their names were published by the Israeli Foreign Ministry.

  • Phonsawan Pinakalo
  • Surin Kesungnoen
  • Wichian Temthon

Nov. 28: Thailand’s foreign minister said he welcomed two Thai nationals who had been released. They were named by Israel’s Foreign Ministry.

  • Pattanayut Tonsakree
  • Owat Suriyasri, 40, father of two

Nov. 29: The Israeli prime minister’s office announced that four Thai nationals had been released into Israel. They were named by Thailand’s Foreign Ministry.

  • Paiboon Rattanin
  • Kong Saelao
  • Juckapan Sikena
  • Chalermchai Sangkaew

Israeli American mother released as husband remains in Hamas captivity

Lior Soroka, Itay Stern, Shira Rubin and Kate Brady contributed to this report.

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